Skip to content

Immune system

Viral Infections

July 30 2019 By Jarrod Cooper Category: Conditions, Immune system,

Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Viruses are intracellular parasites that rely on host cells to reproduce. A viral infection occurs when a virus infects human cells. The symptoms of viral infections are largely due to the immune system response to the virus, in particular the release of cytokines.  Virus’s are much more common than most of…

Mouth Ulcers

July 30 2019 By Jarrod Cooper Category: Conditions, Immune system,

Mouth ulcer – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment A mouth ulcer is an open sore in the mucous membranes of the mouth.  Once formed, mouth ulcer may be maintained by inflammation and/or secondary infection. Mostly mouth ulcers are benign and self-limiting (e.g. when caused by trauma) but in some cases can become persistent and recurrent. Many…

Glandular Fever

July 30 2019 By Jarrod Cooper Category: Conditions, Immune system,

Symptoms, Treatment & Causes Glandular fever, also known as infectious mononucleosis is an acute infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and characterised by fever, pharyngitis, swollen glands, often spleen enlargement, and severe fatigue that can continue for months. It mostly occurs in adolescence and young adulthood. Glandular fever can be a debilitating illness for…

Herpes Simplex Virus

July 30 2019 By Jarrod Cooper Category: Conditions, Immune system,

Causes, Symptoms & Treatment The Herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes recurrent viral infections – Type 1 most commonly causes cold sores around the mouth, and Type 2 most commonly causes genital herpes. Both types are ubiquitous and contagious and are transmitted by the shedding of the virus from an infected person. After the initial infection,…

Autoimmune Disease

July 30 2019 By Jarrod Cooper Category: Conditions, Immune system,

Autoimmune disease (AID) refers to a group of chronic inflammatory conditions characterised by an inappropriate immune response in which the immune system produces auto-antibodies to an endogenous antigen. Autoimmune disease may be systemic as with lupus or restricted to certain organs as with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. AID worldwide has significantly increased over the past 20 years…